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Le Forex (en anglais Foreign exchange market) ou marché des changes est le marché sur lequel les devises dites convertibles (paire de devises) sont échangées l’une contre l’autre à des taux de change qui varient en permanence.

C'est le plus simple et le principal produit utilisé pour les couvertures, d'où des volumes engendrés sur les swaps , supérieurs aux volumes sur le comptant. Le marché des options de change est principalement constitué des options simples dites Vanilles. Enfin, le marché des options de change est le plus divers et le plus inventif des marchés d'options. C'est lui qui est à l'origine de quasiment toutes les formes d' options dites exotiques: Les options binaires sont des options qui possèdent une ou deux barrière s.

Une barrière est un niveau de cours choisi à l'avance par le trader, lors de l'achat ou la vente de l'option. Si les cotations atteignent ce niveau, l'option sera, suivant le type de barrière choisie, activée ou désactivée. Les options binaires sont de deux types: Sur le marché des professionnels, la quasi-totalité des options binaires sont de type américain.

Une autre grande différence existe entre options vanilles et binaires est le fait que les premières peuvent générer une position sur le sous-jacent le spot , en cas d'exercice, tandis que les secondes peuvent déclencher un paiement.

Ils proposent trois types d'options binaires:. Une des grandes différences entre les options binaires proposées pour les particuliers et celles traitées sur les marchés des professionnels est leur durée de vie.

Pour les particuliers, cette dernière dure quelques heures, voire la journée, tandis que chez les professionnels, elles peuvent durer plusieurs années. En pratique, il n'est d'ailleurs pas possible pour un professionnel de traiter une option binaire échéance dans quelques heures dans la mesure où celle-ci s'apparente tout simplement à une position spot.

Le principe consiste à prendre une position inverse à la position naturelle, induite par l'actif étranger en possession usine, matière première à acheter, recettes à l'exportation, etc. Le but étant d'annuler ou de diminuer le risque de change. C'est une technique très utilisée par les professionnels. C'est par exemple, le cas d'un investisseur institutionnel européen qui a décidé d'acheter des actions américaines. Il est alors en risque de change car si le dollar baisse, la contrevaleur en euro de ses titres américains baissera.

Pour s'immuniser de ce risque, il va alors vendre le montant équivalent en dollars des actions qu'il vient d'acheter. Cette opération sera réalisée à l'aide d'un swap de change. Il s'agit d'anticiper les mouvements du marché grâce à une observation plus ou moins avancée de l'environnement financier, économique et politique.

L'intérêt de l'anticipation des mouvements de change est la spéculation. Pour cela, de nombreuses sources d'informations sont à la disposition du trader Forex Reuters , Telerate , Bloomberg L. Il a également accès aux indicateurs économiques des principaux pays ainsi qu'aux informations financières mondiales. Il est en mesure de se forger une opinion sur l'évolution des cours ou taux et ainsi d'anticiper des mouvements futurs.

Il consiste à essayer de tirer parti de décalages ponctuels de prix ou de cours d'un même actif une même devise, par exemple , sur deux marchés différents. The broker must run a very powerful computer network with high speed connections and maintain a good relationship with several liquidity providers in order to be part of a good ECN with low spreads and fast execution. In addition to that, the broker's markup or commission is only a part of the total spread because the liquidity provider has its own spreads.

If a trader loses all his money by paying spreads assuming he doesn't win or lose a single pip during his trading sessions until he goes bust , a market maker would take all the trader's money.

In contrast, a STP broker will win only a part of it, while the liquidity providers will earn the rest. Considering the above, it is no wonder why most brokers prefer to operate only as market makers and sometimes hedge the trades of very profitable traders. The costs associated with direct market access are also the reason why micro and mini accounts are always provided in a market-making environment where the broker will always be your final counterparty.

Such traders are also very risky to trade against, so the ECN model is in the broker's advantage because it is risk free. This is why some brokers are giving direct market access to the traders that choose to open the standard or VIP accounts.

The DMA accounts will always have fractional pips the spread can be 2. Real market conditions where liquidity providers compete against each other to offer better spreads will always result in variable spreads that tend to be lower when there is little volatility and will increase in time of high volatility such as during news.

Mini lots and micro lots are never used by liquidity providers. In the following paragraph I will list three brokers that offer very competitive STP accounts for big traders. They are the ones I consider to be the best choices available right now, in no particular order. The three broker accounts I will present below are very reliable choices for high rollers. I am trading with all of them and I am very pleased with their service, since I had no major issues so far.

It is worth to check them all and decide for yourself which broker is a better choice for you. It is probably the best ECN broker in the world and the ideal broker for big traders who want real market access with very low spreads.

As an Australian financial services company, IC Markets is a very safe broker able to handle very large accounts. It offers real direct market access thanks to a pool of Tier 1 liquidity providers that include the following banks: Since all trades are processed directly to the liquidity providers, IC Markets has no problem with scalping. Overall, IC Markets is a top tier broker based on a very solid jurisdiction. If you want to find out more about it you can visit their website: Vincent and The Grenadines.

While Hot Forex offers many account types to cater to all type of investors, we recommend the VIP account for large investors. The VIP account is directly connected to their network of liquidity providers and allows you to trade directly on the interbank market. They can go as low as 0. This is the equivalent of a 0. XM Group is a group of regulated online brokers. In January XM Group had over , clients worldwide, making it one of the largest forex brokers in the world.

While some traders may be surprised that I reccomend a broker based in Cyprus and also a Market Maker for large accounts, the truth is that after trying lots of brokers I ended up doing most of my trading with XM Group. This broker never failed me and I am trading large volumes with them for over two years already.

XM Group is based in Cyprus because the people behind this broker are Cypriots themselves. The founder and CEO of the company is Mr. Constantinos Cleanthous and all the management is comprised of Cypriots as well, so it was just a normal decision to set the company in their home contry. If you never had an account with XM Group , then I really think you should open one and try them, because chances are you will stick with them for most of your trading like I did.

This is the broker that anyone must try. XM Group offers three account types, the Micro account, the Standard Account with no commission but with higher spreads and the Zero Account with commission but with very low spreads. All accounts are very competitive and it is hard to say which one has lower costs. The XM Group Accounts stand out for many reasons. Here are some of the benefits for big investors:. XM Group partners with investment grade banks and uses segregated accounts to ensure security.

This means you can trade huge amounts of money. Leverage applies to all the EU regulated entities of the group. Leverage depends on the financial instrument traded. XM Group claims that XM Group allows scalping as well as any automated trading through EAs.

This will allow your EAs to take advantage of the fastest possible execution without having to worry about internet connection speed. There are many other reasons why XM Group is one of the best forex brokers, but I will let you check their website for additional information about their trading conditions: Trading forex with a large account requires a qualified broker that connects you directly with top tier liquidity providers and works on your side, not against you.

Any of the three brokers mentioned above meet this criteria and it is up to you to choose the one that you like most. There are many reasons why people decide to open bank accounts offshore. They can include a better privacy protection, access to better banks where money are safer or simply better services that home based banks don't offer.

The same reasons apply when it comes to brokerage accounts A lot of traders think that a big broker is better than a smaller one because a larger company has many advantages such as economies of scale, a better liquidity position and is the subject of higher scrutiny from the public and the regulators.

While this basic assumption has some merit Below are the online forex brokers that are highly recommended. Why do we highly recommend these forex brokers? Well first of all, we don't. Our opinion plays no role in deciding which brokers make this list. The retail forex traders of the world determine these ratings.

For more specifice requirements, such as forex brokers in a specific country or the best forex brokers for the country you reside in, you can check out our Forex Broker by Country Lists or our Top Ten Forex Brokers by Country of Residents pages which you can access from the menu on the left. To find a broker that can work with you in your native language our Top Ten Forex Broker by Languages pages should meet your needs, also accessed from the left hand menu.

Retail brokers have continued to strengthen their cryptocurrency offerings in IC Markets , the world's. A short follow-up to FinanceFeeds' earlier.